East African countries are lagging behind on their human-rights reports despite signing the African Union Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, which requires the document every two years.
All signatories to the Charter are required to provide the reports to the African Commission on People’s and Human-rights (ACHPR) based in Banjul, Gambia.
Kenya and Rwanda have only reported once since the protocol came into effect in 2005, Uganda and Ethiopia have reported twice and Tanzania five times. Somalia leads the region, having reported 17 times.
Article 62 of the ACHPR requires states to submit a report on the legislative or other measures taken with a view to giving effect to the rights and freedoms of citizens.
The reports are examined in public and state representatives and commissioners engage in constructive dialogue to assist and encourage states to implement the Charter.
EAC partner states are continually faulted by international human-rights organisations and the United Nations Human-rights Council.
South Sudan and Burundi are currently under the spotlight for violating human-rights due to their political instability, while Tanzania has increased its crackdown on the opposition and the media.